Predatory journals refer to journals that are questionable for some reason, for example because it lacks a proper, transparent review process, the journal falsely indicates that an impact factor has been assigned to it, and more.

Authors, editors, reviewers and editorial board members should regularly visit this list and see whether a journal title of interest has been included on this list. Use this list with caution, and always follow-up with your own investigation/confirm for yourself/consult with a librarian/enquire with the editor.

Journals are encouraged to put measures in place to prevent a journal title from being included on this list, which is known as the Beall's List of
Potential, Possible, or Probable Predatory Scholarly Open-access Publishers.